Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a very serious illness that is becoming very common in the world today; one in six men are diagnosed with prostate cancer. Because this illness is becoming so prevalent, there are many websites, like www.pcf.org, that are putting out information on prostate cancer in order to inform people about the different risks, signs, and symptoms of prostate cancer in order to spread awareness about this illness. Some important pieces of knowledge that these websites share are basic information about the prostate and treatment for prostate cancer.

The Basics of the Prostate

 It is important to understand what the prostate is and what it does in order to recognize the signs of prostate cancer. The prostate plays an important role in reproduction. First, the prostate aids in egg fertilization by producing substances that help sperm survive in its transportation to the egg. The enzymes that the prostate produces loosen semen in order to help the sperm travel to the egg. The prostate also produces zinc, citrate, and fructose, and these substances provide sperm with the energy it needs for its travel. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located under the bladder and seminal vesicles. The prostate also produces testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, which develop in men during adolescence.

What Is Prostate Cancer?

 Prostate cancer commonly develops in the peripheral zone of the prostate, the zone near the rectum. Because prostate cancer normally develops in this zone, it can affect urinary and bowel functioning along with sexual functioning. In treating prostate cancer, many men get a prostatectomy, which is the removal of the prostate. This surgery often affects the urethra because the urethra runs through the prostate. When the prostate is removed, the urethra must be connected to the bladder, which means that the bladder has to be pulled down to connect the two. In this surgery, the base of the bladder can be damaged, causing urinary leakage. Also, a prostatectomy may damage the erectile nerves, which affects a man’s ability to have an erection. Another option for prostate cancer treatment is radiation therapy. This kind of therapy can cause damage to the different organs near the prostate. For example, radiation can damage the rectum, causing rectal bleeding, diarrhea, or other bowel problems. If you want to learn more about prostate cancer and its signs and symptoms, you can visit www.pcf.org.

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