Nosocomial Infection, also known as Hospital-acquired infection, Healthcare-associated infection or HAI, is any infection that are not present on the patient prior to hospital stay or admission. Causes of this nosocomial infection are most often favoured and transmitted in the hospital environment. An example of this transmission is when a patient relatives visited his or her family confined or admitted in the hospital and a day or two developed symptoms of infection.
The most common causes of the nosocomial infection include bacteria and viruses which are more triggered by the low resistance of the patients to these exposures in the hospital.
Nosocomial infection that are common include the following:
- Hospital-acquired pneumonia
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus
- Ventilator-associated pneumonia
- Urinary tract infection
- Candida albicans
- Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus