Mad Cow Disease is a disease that primarily affects cows. It causes degeneration the cows’ spinal cord and brain. Mad Cow Disease is medically termed as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy or BSE.
Mad Cow Disease can be transmitted to humans through ingestion of contaminated beef. Once ingested, it affects human brain, spinal cord and the digestive system. It is called Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease in humans. It a very fatal and an incurable disease.
Most common manifestations of Mad Cow Disease in humans include dementia leading to progressive memory loss and eventually other neurological changes like hallucinations. Accompanying symptoms are physical changes like loss of balance and impaired movement and loss of coordination of the body.
As mentioned above, this disease is incurable. Hence, the most effective way to prevent from this disease is to be careful when eating beef.